|ICT Update | October 25, 2018
Authors: Shay Wester, Ella Duangkaew, Monica Chritton, Bryan Yeoh
|THE COUNCIL'S TAKE|
72 Singapore HealthHub Portal Accounts Accessed Without Authorization, But No Evidence of Breach
On October 18, Singapore’s Health Promotion Board (HPB) and Integrated Health Information Systems (IHiS) said in a joint statement that unauthorized access to 72 accounts on HPB’s HealthHub portal had occurred on four days – September 28, and October 3, 8 and 9. The IHiS and HPB found no evidence of a system breach. The SingPass two-factor authentication prevented exposure of more sensitive information such as medical data. The HealthHub portal was closed for six days following the unauthorized activity, but access to the portal’s mobile app and website have been restored as the HPB and IHiS continue investigations and system surveillance.
Although the unauthorized HealthHub account access activity is a separate occurrence from the June SingHealth breach, both systems are overseen by IHiS. The Straits Times reports this could create more questions for IHiS as it is still working with the Committee of Inquiry (COI) convened to investigate the SingHealth breach (for more information, read our Update here). According to the Straits Times, cybersecurity experts called the HealthHub unauthorized access incident “elementary” in comparison to the June SingHealth attack.
Singapore is prioritizing rebuilding trust in information systems following the SingHealth breach and has taken several steps to build up its cybersecurity. This has included launching the ASEAN-Singapore Center of Cybersecurity Excellence (ASCCE) and starting a Government Bug Bounty Programme. Other ASEAN countries are also making efforts to build their cybersecurity resilience. For example, in the last few months, Vietnam has been developing its draft implementation decree for the recently passed Law on Cybersecurity, and Thailand released its latest draft of the Cybersecurity Bill for public comment this past month. In addition, ASEAN Cybersecurity and IT Ministers collectively endorsed a principle of 11 norms recommended by the United Nations Group of Governmental Experts on Developments in the Field of Information and Telecommunications in the Context of International Security (UNGGE) at the ASEAN Ministerial Conference on Cybersecurity (AMCC) (For more information, see our Update here). ASEAN’s collective efforts to boost cyber resilience are critical, particularly as ASEAN has been identified as one of the most vulnerable regions for cyber attacks (according to an A.T. Kearny report found here), as demonstrated by the continued attacks on IHiS’s sensitive systems. However, regulatory efforts—such as Vietnam and Thailand’s—run the risk of stifling innovation and the free flow of data at the expense of security. It will be important for such efforts to strike a balance between flexibility and security to ensure that ASEAN can be both innovative and resilience in the cyberspace.
Universal Service Obligation for Telecommunications and Informatics Redefined by Indonesian Government
Indonesia’s Ministry of Communications and Information Technology (KOMINFO) issued Minister of KOMINFO Regulation No. 10 of 2018 (Regulation 10/2018) which replaces Minister of KOMINFO Regulation No. 25 of 2015 on the Universal Service Obligation (USO) for Telecommunications and Information Technology (KPU TIK). This regulation was issued to meet the growing digital consumption in Indonesia. Indonesia’s digital landscape has grown exponentially in the past years. Between 2015 and 2017 alone, Indonesia added 13 million mobile internet users to reach a user population of 76 million. Internet users are estimated at 132 million as of 2018. KPU TIK sets out obligations to provide telecommunication services to rural, lesser developed regions, non-economically feasible areas and areas which require information technology facilities and infrastructure. Funding for KPU TIK is sourced from KPU TIK contributions and other legal sources in accordance with prevailing laws and regulations. The government is targeting 100 percent 3G network coverage in all villages throughout Indonesia. In addition, the government is also targeting 514 districts and cities to have 100 percent 4G LTE network, which is a 64 percent increase from this year. Indonesia looks to achieve this development through its Palapa Ring Project which is supported by USO.
There are four stages of KPU TIK implementation: planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation and development. Regulation 10/2018 places the Telecommunications and Information Accessibility Development Agency (BAKTI) as the central figure in KPU TIK implementation. Previously, KPU TIK implementation was managed by the Telecommunications and Informatics Financing Provision and Management Office (BPPTI) and by the Director-General for the Organization of Post and Informatics at the Ministry. Although Regulation 10/2018 has been in force since August 30, 2018; cooperation agreements on KPU TIK concluded prior to the issuance of this current regulation will remain valid.
On the sidelines of Indonesia hosting the IMF-World Bank Annual Meetings in Bali two weeks ago, the government began the tender process for a multifunction satellite project. So far the project involves PT Sarana Multi Infrastruktur (Persero) as the Lead Transaction Advisor, PT Penjaminan Infrastruktur Indonesia and KOMINFO. The project has attracted the participation of investors from Japan, China, Luxembourg, the U.K. and the U.S. According to the Indonesian Investment Coordinating Board (BKPM), the project has a concession period of 15 years with an investment value of IDR 6.7 trillion (US$ 440 million). Once in operation, the satellite is expected to expand broadband functions to underserved areas.
Thai Commerce Ministry Launches Feasibility Study on Blockchain Applications
Thailand’s Ministry of Commerce announced plans to launch feasibility studies on the application of blockchain technology to intellectual property (IP) registration, agriculture supply chains and trade finance. The feasibility studies, which are expected to conclude by February 2019, are just the latest example of Thailand’s interest in fostering the use of blockchain technology in the country, which could potentially set Thailand up to be a leader in the region on the use of the technology.
The benefit of blockchain, according to Pimchanok Vonkorpon, Director-General of the Trade Policy and Strategy Office (TPSO) under the Commerce Ministry, is increased transparency and efficiency in business operations. The topics covered in the IP feasibility study will include registration, protection and smart contracts via blockchain. In addition to the feasibility studies on IP and trade finance, TPSO aims to apply the regulatory sandbox approach the use of blockchain for organic rice export processing to encourage experimentation and innovation. The ultimate goal would be to increase trust and transparency while reducing costs and delays in the export process, with processing potentially being reduced to less than three days, according to Vonkorporn.
Thailand’s government overall appears to recognize the potential of blockchain technology, including its use in cryptocurrencies. TechCrunch reported that Thailand’s government is already mapping out its own central bank digital currency, called Project Inthanon, and the Thai government has become increasingly outspoken and welcoming of cryptocurrency projects and exchanges. Thailand has also delivered licensing services and permits exchanges for cryptocurrency companies. In June, the SEC laid out guidelines to allow seven cryptocurrencies to be used as trading pairs, following the enactment of a 100-section emergency decree in May detailing the requirements for the authorized use of cryptocurrency.
The Council will seek member comments once the official draft implementation decree has been released for comments, which will likely occur near the end of this week. The Oct. 11 draft is still an internal document, but it appears that there are no meaningful changes from the Oct. 3 draft regarding the most problematic chapters, specifically Chapters 1 & 5. Prior to October 17, Council staff met with the Chairman of the Office of the Government and Minister of Planning and Investment, who were at that point unaware of the draft decree but willing to receive industry input.
|IN THIS UPDATE|
Experts quench technology fears Khmer Times 24th Oct 2018
Report: Cambodia saw 140 per cent rise in tech startup investment in 2018 e27 21st Oct 2018
CMAC to use ‘smart’ dogs in demining Khmer Times 17th Oct 2018
Government to support e-sports tournaments Antara News 23rd Oct 2018
Jokowi urges local govt to tech-up The Jakarta Post 22nd Oct 2018
Bekasi residents queue before dawn for e-ID card tickets The Jakarta Post 18th Oct 2018
Chris Kanter appointed Indosat president director The Jakarta Post 18th Oct 2018
Ministry prepares two draft regulations on ride-hailing apps The Jakarta Post 16th Oct 2018
Science, technology development as govt, private sector discuss Vientiane Times 16th Oct 2018
Study reveals Malaysians’ top three data security concerns The Malay Mail 24th Oct 2018
Digital tax may impact parcel delivery logistics BorneoPost Online 23rd Oct 2018
IT players seek greater incentives to build ‘Digital Malaysia’ The Edge Markets 22nd Oct 2018
Key challenges and opportunities in Malaysia’s e-commerce scene Yahoo! News 22nd Oct 2018
The State of the Nation: Restarting Malaysia’s digital path The Edge Markets 22nd Oct 2018
Malaysia to introduce the National Industry 4.0 Policy Framework The Edge Markets 18th Oct 2018
New Cyber Security obligations on Financial Institutions proposed by Bank Negara Malaysia Lexology 11th Oct 2018
New digital tax collection system to launch next year The Myanmar Times 11th Oct 2018
DOF eyes e-invoicing system to make VAT refunds possible BusinessMirror 24th Oct 2018
Bidder's suit against NTC may delay search for 3rd telco: DICT ABS-CBN News 22nd Oct 2018
Using tech to bring transparency to Philippines’ pharmacies Techwire Asia 19th Oct 2018
BPO industry association expands availability of career portal Business World 19th Oct 2018
Converge ICT to partner with KT for 3rd telco bid Business World 16th Oct 2018
China Telecom, Europe firm join 3rd telco bid Philippine Star 13th Oct 2018
How Singapore is redesigning retirement using biometrics GovInsider 23rd Oct 2018
SingPass launches new app for e-services Singapore Business Review 22nd Oct 2018
72 HealthHub accounts accessed without authorisation, e-service shut down for 6 days The Straits Times 18th Oct 2018
Singtel mobile network disrupted in several areas of Singapore Channel NewsAsia 18th Oct 2018
'Talent gap' is no excuse for lax cybersecurity The Edge Singapore 16th Oct 2018
Companies eye Singapore for data centre storage, cloud leasing The Business Times 15th Oct 2018
Why Singapore’s defence tech agency asked 300 hackers to test its systems GovInsider 15th Oct 2018
Undersea superhighway: A new 4,600km submarine cable linking Perth to Singapore The Straits Times 15th Oct 2018
Rules to bar fintechs from moving into banking ops The Straits Times 11th Oct 2018
AI, big data technology used in pilot project to ease Bangkok’s traffic congestion Thai PBS World 23rd Oct 2018
The cybersecurity balancing act Bangkok Post 22nd Oct 2018
How Thailand is using big data to power the government Tech in Asia 18th Oct 2018
Thai SMEs most tech-savvy in Asean: study The Nation 18th Oct 2018
TFA: Fintech law to be enacted this year Bangkok Post 17th Oct 2018
Premier dismisses cyber bill criticism Bangkok Post 17th Oct 2018
Undisclosed online prices targeted Bangkok Post 16th Oct 2018
SET backs automated reports Bangkok Post 15th Oct 2018
Nectec academy formed to help train IoT skill set The Nation 15th Oct 2018
Thailand paces region in CMMI-certified software Bangkok Post 11th Oct 2018
Technology continues to attract investment Viet Nam News 23rd Oct 2018
Ha Noi focuses on e-commerce Viet Nam News 23rd Oct 2018
500 enterprises in HCM City trained to use 24/7 e-tax payment scheme Viet Nam News 22nd Oct 2018
Mobile providers to join e-payment services Viet Nam News 22nd Oct 2018
Vietnam develops own earth observation satellite Telecompaper 22nd Oct 2018
Ministry considers removing mobile phone promotion cap Việt Nam News 20th Oct 2018
MoIT makes out case for crypto mining Vietnam Plus 16th Oct 2018