ASEAN Quick Facts

ASEAN Secretariat: Jakarta, Indonesia
Population: 650 million
Chair rotates annually among member states.  
The ASEAN Community was realized on December 31, 2015. 
Capital: Bandar Seri Begawan
Population: 434 thousand
Member Since: 1984
US-Brunei treaty relations have been active since 1850.
Flag of IndonesiaINDONESIA
Capital: Jakarta
Population: 265.3 million
Member Since: 1967
Indonesia, the world’s 4th most populous country, and the United States upgraded their relations to a "strategic partnership" in 2015.
Flag of CambodiaCAMBODIA
Capital: Phnom Penh
Population: 16.3 million
Member Since: 1999
The United States is the largest purchaser of Cambodia's exports, including over $2 billion in apparel.
Flag of LaosLAOS
Capital: Vientiane
Population: 6.7 million
Member Since: 1997
In 2016, Barack Obama became the first sitting US President to visit Laos.
Flag of MalaysiaMALAYSIA
Capital: Kuala Lumpur
Population: 32.4 million
Member Since: 1967
Malaysia is the United States' 2nd largest trading partner in ASEAN.
Flag of SingaporeSINGAPORE
Capital: Singapore
Population: 5.6 million
Member Since: 1967
Singapore was the first US bilateral free trade partner in the Indo-Pacific and in 2015 the two countries signed an enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement.
Flag of MyanmarMYANMAR 
Capital: Nay Pyi Taw
Population: 52.8 million
Member Since: 1997
The US restored full diplomatic relations in 2012 and removed all sanctions in 2016.
Flag of ThailandTHAILAND
Capital: Bangkok
Population: 69.1 million
Member Since: 1967
Thailand is the oldest US treaty partner in the Indo-Pacific, dating from 1833.
Flag of the PhilippinesTHE PHILIPPINES
Capital: Manila
Population: 107 million
Member Since: 1967
The largest Filipino diaspora is in the United States and remittances from the United States to the Philippines are valued at $11 billion.
Flag of VietnamVIETNAM
Capital: Hanoi
Population: 94.6 million
Member Since: 1995
Since 1995, US trade with Vietnam grew 230-fold to $58 billion. US-Vietnam security cooperation has enhanced steadily including high-level defense visits, military sales, and exchanges.

Numbers rounded throughout publication. All monetary values are in US$ unless otherwise noted. References to the European Union (EU) includes all 28 member states as of 2018. Whenever possible, most recent available data is used.